1. Very interesting observations. There is much more to the scriptures than at first glance. Thank you for pointing out these connections. I particularly like the footnote to Leviticus 21:10 – having one’s hand filled (the literal Hebrew words here) has the same meaning as being authorized, equipped or consecrated. Very insightful.

  2. What wonderful observations you have made. Most certainly the worship in the Old Testament corresponds directly with the worship we do today in our latter day temples.

    I would like to add a few more points that we may ponder…On the actual altar of incense were four horns, or four symbols of power (or priesthood). Isn’t it interesting the placement of that altar is precisely before one could enter into the presence through the veil. As the officiator or “High Priest of the Aaronic Priesthood” holds the golden censor in his hand, are we not requesting a mediator to guide us into God’s presence? I see a complete forerunner of the ceremony we have today. It is so cool.

  3. Ferreira

    The horns of the altar of incense did receive the symbolism of the sacrifice of atonement, connected to IntheDoghouse’s comment that the horns symbolize power/priesthood.
    “And Aaron shall make an atonement upon the horns of it [altar of incense] once in a year with the blood of the sin offering of atonements: once in the year shall he make atonement upon it throughout your generations” (Ex 30:10)

    During a time of national emergency (because of iniquity) Moses commanded Aaron to “Take a censer, and put fire therein from off the altar, and put on incense, and go quickly unto the congregation, and make an atonement for them: for there is wrath gone out from the Lord; the plague is begun.” (Numb 16: 46) “And Aaron took as Moses commanded, and ran into the midst of the congregation; and, behold, the plague was begun among the people: and he put on incense, and made an atonement for the people. And he stood between the dead and the living; and the plague was stayed.” (Numb 16:47-48).

    I don’t know if a sin offering was made before the people, and then the censer utilized, or if it was sufficient that the censer carried with it the symbolism of atonement that the incense altar received from the altar of sacrifice. Either way, the censer of incense was involved in the representation of the atonement and the priest’s pleading for that atonement to be applied; perhaps a prayer similar to Numb 6:26 as Kathy mentioned, “The Lord . . . give thee peace” i.e. wholeness or integrity. The people were made whole through the atonement; the priest stood between the dead and living as the Messiah has power to do through the atonement.

  4. Todd

    The Psalms reference (“and the lifting up of my hands as the evening sacrifice”) got me wondering whether there is a connection with the raising of hands often seen in evangelical services. Is there a historical precedence for this practice among modern Christians?

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