In his presentation Dr. Ludlow explained what a covenant is and how it has been used throughout history in making promises between man and God, and also between man and man; in addition to religious covenants, these types of agreements are also used to seal secular and political deals.
Dr. Ludlow listed seven elements that are part of every covenant-making process (not necessarily in chronological order):
- Begins with a preface to explain the covenant and those involved.
- Historical context of covenant is explained.
- Stipulations are given, or what each party agrees to do.
- Ritual act, or some symbolic occurrence that shows that each party has entered into the covenant.
- Rewards and punishments, or blessings and cursings, for obeying or breaking the covenant.
- Witnesses must be present.
- The covenant continues for a determined length of time. Covenants with God that can be for “even eternity.”
When studying any covenant, whether secular or spiritual, it would be good to break it down into these seven elements in order to better understand it, particularly if you are the one entering into the promises.